Sobre el desarrollo sostenible y la sostenibilidad: conceptualización y crítica

Iván López Pardo

Resumen


Hace algo más de tres décadas, y con especial intensidad en los años 80, se inicia un proceso sin precedentes de reflexión a nivel mundial que impulsa Naciones Unidas, seguida de la Unión Europea, para abordar la cuestión de la sostenibilidad y el desarrollo sostenible del planeta como uno de los grandes retos a los que se enfrentan las sociedades del siglo XXI. La publicación del Informe Brundtland (WCED, 1987) representa un hito en dicho proceso al ofrecer una definición del desarrollo sostenible que hasta la actualidad es referencia en el debate. En este artículo se recogen las posiciones y argumentos de defensores y críticos para arrojar luz sobre un concepto en continuo estado de definición a la vez que plantear los interrogantes por resolver en un debate ni mucho menos acabado.

Palabras clave


Sostenibilidad; desarrollo sostenible; Informe Brundtland; protección ambiental; equidad

Texto completo:

Referencias


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